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Inspiring through Technology

DELTA Theme

Theme book

Development is what every nation seeks but not every nation achieves. There are many spheres defining development of a nation like resource mobilization, advancement in economy and so on. Today world is in need of epitome ideas which can sustain the development for long run because development is just not the process, it’s a vision. Goals and targets are universal, so reaching the goals requires actions on all fronts- government, business, and civil society. More important is people everywhere have a role to play.

Aiming to accumulate bodacious ideas from our optimistic youths all over Nepal, DELTA publishes a theme"Sustainable Development”. DELTA, aims to make our world more better place to live in, by addressing and researching the world problems. The concept of sustainable development is itself a bonafide research which is defined as “Economic development conducted without depletion of natural resources”. Sustainability is defined in terms of three dimensions: Environment, Economy and Society. Hence, balance between these three pillars must be considered while proceeding developmental ideas. Air, water, food and shelter are ecological foundations of sustainable development and are quite cardinal human needs as well, so the state of ecological foundations and climate is a matter of concerned. Ecological sustainity is only possible by designing society activities which aims to meet human needs while preserving life of planet as well. For example, we need to harvest wood from forest at a rate that maintains the biomass and biodiversity.

Similarly, pace of development is absolutely guided via economic development. It’s quite unfortunate revealing that rural poverty has been one prime cause for treating environmental resources as national capital. As countries around the world continue to advance economically, they put a strain on natural resources resulting pollution which in long run threatens human sustainity. We need economic growth so world can grow but not at the expenses of public goods. Here, cost-benefit analysis must be considered while analysing scarce resource. For example, sustainable energy can be used over a long period of time. We can take solar energy as an example as solar energy is being used in public parking, streetlights, roof of buildings. Similar is the case of wind energy. To recapitulate, field of energy contributes to economic sustainability which results prosperity of society. By tying these three dimensions: Environment, Economy and Society together UN framed global goals in a single frame baptized as” Sustainable Development Goals “which are now considered as a Universal call to end poverty, protect planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity.

List of sustainable development goals are

  • GOAL 1: No Poverty
  • GOAL 2: Zero Hunger
  • GOAL 3: Good Health and Well-being
  • GOAL 4: Quality Education
  • GOAL 5: Gender Equality
  • GOAL 6: Clean Water and Sanitation
  • GOAL 7: Affordable and Clean Energy
  • GOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth
  • GOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
  • GOAL 10: Reduced Inequality
  • GOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities
  • GOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
  • GOAL 13: Climate Action
  • GOAL 14: Life Below Water
  • GOAL 15: Life on Land
  • GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
  • GOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal

Note: The following theme are just guidelines to help you. You are free to think to like an unconventional thinker and come up with great innovations. Don’t limit yourselves to these problem statements.

 

Problem statement

Storage and preservation of agricultural products

More than 68% of Nepalese are involved in agriculture contributing 34% of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) , yet Nepal ranks 72 out of 118 countries in Global Hunger Index(GHI).Similarly, more than 35% of children under the age of 5 in Nepal are stunted according to WHO as a result of malnutrition. The government and U.N’s FAO introduced zero hunger challenge in 2014 with the goal of eradicating all hunger issues in Nepal by 2025 but they failed to meet the goals by 2025.

Participants are invited to come up with innovative technical solutions which aim to zero hunger.

  • Innovative ideas to adapt all food system to eliminate loss of food
  • Improved storage methods for staple foods
  • Improved Agrodok
  • End of malnutrition in all its forms

Waste management

Waste is the result of human activities which can cause threat to human health. Waste management includes collection, transport, and disposal along with regulation of waste management process. Waste is not a waste as municipal solid waste can turn into a huge renewable source of energy. It is estimated that production of municipal solid waste across Nepal is 2000 tonnes whereas Kathmandu valley alone generates 500 tonnes of solid waste each day. Research says Kathmandu valley alone can generate up to 6 MW of electricity but more than 80% of solid waste is dumped in landfill sites due to poor management of municipal solid waste.

Participants are invited to come up with innovate technical solutions which aims to make cities more sustainable.

  • Reliable ideas to convert Municipal Solid Waste into compost fertilizer, liquid fertilizer and biogas
  • Converting imperishable and plastic trash into usable form of energy including electricity, fuel and heat
  • Most efficient way of waste management

Further insight

Furthermore, model of waste management plant, electrolysis of waste water, solid waste separating plant model, energy producing model from water, recycling plant model, automation in waste management plant is well preferred.

Education for all

Education is not only a basic human right, it is an engine for poverty eradication, and a force for peace. It is at the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals. Yet, according to the forthcoming World Youth Report (20 February), unacceptably high numbers of young people continue to experience poor education and employment opportunities. Moreover, at least 260 million children and youth are out of school, many of them are girls. If this trend continues, by 2030, more than 400 million children will have no basic primary education and 800 million young people will not have the skills needed to join the modern workforce.

Participants are invited to come up with innovate solutions for following.

  • End of disparity between rural and urban education system
  • Ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning
  • Quality education for all

Women Safety Devices

Although world is getting concise, gender based violence is still cosmopolitan. Women are being the sufferer of physical violence (deprivation of liberty and manslaughter), sexual violence (sexual assault), psychological violence (coercion, verbal harassment, and defamation), economic violence (property damage, labour market) and this directly hampers economic prosperity and peace as well. It’s quite jeopardizing situation to know about Nepal Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) of 2016 survey which explains that 70% of women aged 15-49 had experienced sexual violence. So women safety devices are of paramount necessity.

    Participants are invited to come up with innovative technical solutions which ensures women safety like undercover colour nail polish, wise wear socialite bracelet, siren and so on.

Fight against pollution

Pollution is everywhere. It is resulting adverse effects on land as well as in water disturbing both terrestrial and aquatic habitats. The World Health Organization says 12.6 million people died due to environmental causes in 2012. It had been researched that between 1970 and 2000, the amount of waste generated per person every year nearly doubled and this rate will continue to grow unless we take steps to reduce waste generation from our first place. The world is in need of new ways to reuse, recycle and dispose waste as pollution has been the prime cause for ozone layer depletion, climate change and global warming.

Participants are invited to come up with innovative technical solutions for followings.

  • Ideas to repair ozone layer and the phasing out of a number of toxic chemicals and pesticides
  • Improved resource efficiency, waste reduction and management , sustainable consumption and management
  • Concept of low carbon investmen

Further insight

Furthermore, air purifier model, model for indoor and outdoor pollution, project on sound absorber and electrostatic precipitator are preferred.

Green technology

Green technology is also known as sustainable technology that takes into account the long and short term impacts that an invention has on the environment. Green products are environment friendly inventions which involve energy efficiency, recycling, safety and health concerns, renewable resources and more. Use of green technology results less consumption of fossil fuels, reduction in pollution and green house gas reduction which makes our environment more sustainable. One of the best known example of green technology is solar cell.

Participants are invited to come up with innovative technical solutions for following:

  • Invention that can be considered green(example: reusable water bottle)
  • Transformation of household batteries and electronics consisting dangerous environment polluting chemicals into green
  • Ideas to capitalize green energy
  • Climate change

Further insight

Furthermore, model of green building, solar power and electric vehicle, hydroponics, aquaponics. beehive with sensor, projects related to agriculture and forestry are preferred.

Sustainable Infrastructures

Sustainable infrastructures refers to the designing, building and operating of infrastructures(energy, transport, communication, waste management etc) in ways that don’t diminish the social, economic and ecological process required to maintain human equity, diversity and the functionality of natural systems. Sustainable infrastructures is the prime need of urban and rural design which focuses on green building, optimizing water reuse, reclaiming urban spaces, green streets initiatives and so on. A two day regional sustainable infrastructures workshop on improving outcomes in hydropower and infrastructure development in Nepal, Bhutan and India was organised in Kathmandu on 20-21 June 2016 with an aim to understand and promote innovative ways to reduce environmental impacts from large infrastructures development activities. Knowing more than 4 billion people still do not have internet access, and 90 percent are from the developing world is a state of desolation so bridging of internet is crucial to ensure equal access to information and knowledge.

    Participants are invited to come up with innovative technical ideas which aim to set benchmark for resilient infrastructures.

Further insight

Making energy efficient and smart is the prime need of today. So, hardware and software project relating sustainable infrastructures are expected.

Clean energy technology

This refers to the technology harnessing energy from natural resources that is sustainable and can be replenished over a period of time. There are various forms of clean energy like solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, water energy, and biogas. The world is in need of clean energy revolution in order to break dependence on fossil fuels. Such a revolution would enhance global energy security, promote enduring economic growth, and tackle environmental challenges such as climate change. It would break the long-standing link between economic growth and carbon dioxide emissions.

Participants are invited to come up with innovative technical solutions for following:

  • Smart energy system to optimize storage, distribution and efficient uses of energy
  • Solar power environmental system
  • Photovoltaic glazing
  • Wind turbines

Further insight

Projects on thermo-electric generator, solar cooker, boiler solar tracking devices are preferred.

Technology for peace and order

Looking to peace and conflict, new technology can help prevent conflict by reducing the gap between warning and response, facilitate peacekeeping through new tools relevant to increasingly complex environment and help support peace building by empowering local actors. Technology when adapted appropriately can play a critical role in preventing the initial outbreak or escalation of violence as well as promoting peaceful alternatives to war.

Participants are invited to come up with innovative technical solutions for following:

  • Big data as peace technology
  • Use of real time data during disaster like in Haiti and Philippines
  • Online distance learning for peace builders

Further insight

Projects relating door locking system, smart surveillance, crime detecting system are preferred.

Agricultural machineries for Nepal

The contribution of agriculture in the Gross Domestic Product of Nepal is 27% which is staggeringly low given that nearly two-third of population is engaged in agriculture. The trend of foreign employment among youths has created a shortage of manpower in the farms while unplanned urbanization has significantly reduced farmlands. Increase in population means there are more people to feed which has resulted in an import of Rs. 2 Billion worth of rice every month. With all the challenges, agricultural mechanization is a promising way ahead.

Participants are invited to come up with innovative technical solutions for following:

    • Improvement in traditional agricultural tools to optimize the production
    • Design of agricultural tools and machineries that best meets the need to Nepalese farmers
    • Machines capable of post-harvest loss minimization in cash crops

Further insight

Projects relating mechanized agriculture are preferred.

Sustainable cities and societies

Sustainable cities and societies aims at designing, understanding and promoting environmentally sustainable and socially resilient cities.

      Participants are encouraged to come up with innovative technical solutions for following:
      • High performance building and sustainable cities
      • Smart energy retrofit of existing buildings and communities
      • Smart embedded devices towards smart global village
      • Urban geometry and urban thermal environment

Industries model for Nepal

Federalism has opened up new possibilities for industrialization in Nepal. However, Most of the machineries need to be imported from abroad at high cost. Hence, we invite participants to solve this problem.

Further insight

Several machine of mechanics which assist several industries of Nepal, model of manual system for cottage industries of Nepal and automation in machine are preferred.

 

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